Do you have issues with moles in Fife?
As members of the Guild of British Mole Catchers, Elysium Pest Control deals with all issues relating to moles.
Mole Control Fife: What Are Moles?
A small animal the size of the palm of your hand with a body covered in black, grey, white, cream and orange fur.
Small eyes that can just distinguish light and dark. Large, paddle front feet with strong claws. A pointed nose and short tail.
The mole is a very solitary mammal that is not seen very often. The soil hills (molehills) which it makes whilst tunnelling gives its engineering toil away. In olden days it was called a molewarp meaning (earth thrower). The mole is closely related to shrews and hedgehogs.
Where do they live?
They live on their own most of the time in their own burrow system, with a grid of sturdy walled tunnels.
The tunnels are about 5cm wide, 4cm high; they vary in depth from an inch under the surface to about 70cm in depth.
When digging and cleaning out the tunnels, the moles push the excavated soil up vertical tunnels and these form molehills.
The areas where the moles take up residence sometime overlap, but the moles will avoid each other if they can, except during breeding.
Moles will fight fiercely to protect their territory females will even fight off their young if needed which can result in death.
What do they eat?
Activity of the Mole has no set times they will work till they are tired day and night, continuously excavating tunnels and hunting for food.
A mole must continuously eat otherwise it will die of starvation if it does not eat every couple of hours.
Food is gathered by running along its tunnels and catching any worm’s, beetle larvae, slugs, insects and even carrion.
Moles eat at least half their own body weight in a day.
During autumn and winter when worms are at their most plentiful, the mole makes stores of them, biting off their heads and making a food cache for their young.
Can they see?
The moles eyesight is not that important as they live in darkness for most of the time.
Vibration sensed by the Eimers organs on the moles muzzle is the main sense of the mole they do not have a good sense of smell or hearing but are extremely sensitive to touch and can sense vibrations in the soil.
Moles are sometimes seen above ground, they come to the surface to collect nesting material.
Young moles come to the surface to look for new homes when they leave their nest. Moles are nocturnal but they are still vulnerable to predators, many are eaten by owls.
Mole Control Fife: Breeding Habits
Moles breed from the end of April to June only. The (boar) male visits the (sow) female in her burrow and leaves after mating, he takes no part in raising the young.
The female builds a separate nest away from her own lined with feathers, grass and leaves.
A large molehill usually covers the nest chamber.
Worm caches will be close by to help with feeding and training the young.
The gestation period of the mole is about 30 days, with a litter of 3 to 5 young.
The young are blind at birth and do not grow fur until they are 2 weeks old. At 3 weeks their eyes open. They are fed weening from their mother’s milk for the first few weeks and are ready to leave the nest at about 35 days.
Should I Be Worried About Moles?
Moles have been regarded as a pest by many gardeners and farmers. Tunnelling may disturb the roots of garden plants and crops.
Molehills look terrible on lawns and are an inconvenience in fields they can cause damage to farm machinery.
Their tunnels also cause a trip hazard to young horses and livestock when they collapse under the weight of the animal however, moles can be useful.
They eat pests which are harmful to plants, such as wireworms and leather jackets. Their tunnels help to aerate the soil when waterlogged.
In the old day’s villages used to employ a professional mole-catcher to trap moles. The skins were sold and used as fur trimmings for garments.
As little as 40 years ago thousands of moles were being trapped every year all over the UK. Moles are still killed by trapping and poisoning, in areas where they are considered a nuisance. They are not as common as they used to be. This is probably due to house building in rural areas and agricultural practices, pasture and border hedge reduction has taken away the mole’s habitat.
Call Elysium Pest Control
If you have mole hills in your garden and would like the issue sorted out – Give Elysium Pest Control a call.
Call now for more information on 01383 630240 or 07565 793626.